Common University Entrance Test (CUET)
- It is an all-India examination conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for students seeking admission to different program of participating Central Universities.
- One Nation, One Standard: It provides a single-window opportunity for the students to get admission to these participating Universities across the country.
- Common University Entrance Test (CUET) Objectives:
- To give an equal and fair opportunity to all students in the admissions process to India’s best universities and colleges
- To make the admission process more transparent and uniform, across students from different boards, which often have different curriculums and evaluation methods.
- To eliminate the need for students to appear for different entrance exams for different universities.
- To ease the examination stress on students, making the admission process hassle-free, encouraging them to understand concepts instead of rote learning that many boards seem to promote.
- Common University Entrance Test (CUET) scores, and not Class 12 scores, will be mandatory for admission to 45 central universities and the varsities can fix their minimum eligibility criteria.
- For skill-based courses having major practical components, including music, painting, sculpture and theatre, universities will be allowed to conduct practical exams or interviews along with Common University Entrance Test (CUET).
- The computer-based test was conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Common University Entrance Test (CUET) will be conducted in 13 languages: English, Hindi, Gujarati, Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
- International students will continue to be admitted as per the existing practice the universities have on supernumerary basis.
- There will not be any centralised counselling for undergraduate admissions and universities will be allowed to conduct their own counselling, if needed.
Common University Entrance Test (CUET): What are the Concerns w.r.t.
- Not Easing: About 20,000 of the 1.49 million students who appeared for the exam have scored 100 percentile across 30 subjects.
- Thus, Common University Entrance Test (CUET)creates an enormous challenge before colleges in selecting students.
- Burdened Students: CUET made the admissions process more complex, as students still have to score well in the boards.
- Performance in the 10 and 12 boards is still given weightage by many top colleges, in India and globally.
- It may spawn a private coaching or tutorial ecosystem in India.
- Poor Infrastructure of School: Many of the existing academic institutions in India struggle to offer quality pedagogy and infrastructure to students.
- Not All University Onboard: Common University Entrance Test (CUET)score is not considered for admission to Kerala colleges under Mahatma Gandhi University, Calicut University and Kannur University.
- Colleges under these universities follow an admission process based on marks in qualifying exams and allotment is done through a single window online system.
National Testing Agency (NTA)
- It was established as a Society registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- It is an autonomous and self-sustained testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.
- Objectives: To conduct efficient, transparent and international standards tests in order to assess the competency of candidates for admission and recruitment purposes.
- Quality then Quantity: India needs more quality universities and colleges.
- India has about 800 universities and 39, 700 colleges, which need to focus more on education and its delivery.
- Role of Private Sector: To invest more in infrastructure and expand higher education, along-with Centre and the state governments can’t do it alone. It needs the involvement of the private sector.