What has happened?
- A cloudburst hit near the base camp of the holy cave shrine of Amarnath in south Kashmir Himalayas on Friday, officials said.
- So far 16 persons have lost their lives and 40 are feared missing.
- The cloudburst hit the cave area at around 30 pm after heavy rains.
- Several tents and community kitchens, where pilgrims are served food on the route, came under the cloudburst.
- The yatra has been suspended.
- A cloudburst is a weather situation in which very heavy rainfall is reported over a short period of time in a limited geographical area.
- These clouds sometimes can cause flood-like situations.
- As per meteorologists, rain that comes from a cloudburst is usually the shower type that has a fall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (4.94 inches) per hour.
How cloudburst occurs?
- Cloudburst takes place when moisture-rich air travels up a mountainous region, forming a vertical column of clouds known as Cumulonimbus clouds.
- These clouds usually cause rain thunder and lightning.
- While rainfall means rain falling from the cloud, cloudburst refers to a sudden heavy rainstorm.
- The basic difference between cloudburst and rainfall is the amount of rainfall recorded. Rain over 100mm per hour is categorised as a cloudburst.
- Cloudbursts are common in mountainous places such as Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- As the warm air currents of a thunderstorm tend to follow the upward slope of a mountain, cloudbursts are more likely to occur in these places.
- During a cloudburst, the water is concentrated in valleys and valleys, causing a lot of destruction in mountainous places.
- Rapid and devastating flooding may occur as a result of mountain cloudbursts.
- A cloudburst may be mitigated by a number of methods, including those mentioned by the National Weather Service.
- Rather to residing in valleys, it recommends that people live on hills with solid ground.
- Rainwater and surface water infiltration should be checked in locations where ground cracks have occurred, and the proper procedures should be made to prevent it.
- Rescue operation was immediately launched by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) along with associated agencies.
- Those injured were being airlifted for treatment.
- Police and other civil administration have launched a rescue operation as some langars were affected by the gushing waters.
- Pilgrim said, “When the cloudburst took place, we could not believe it.
- After a while, we only saw water and water. We were a group of seven to eight people, by Bholenath’s grace, we all got saved.
- However, we all had a harrowing experience as we witnessed people and bags swept away with the water.”
- “Within 10 minutes of the cloudburst, eight casualties were reported. The water carried a large number of stones with ”
- The situation is under control even as rains continue, said the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, and the yatra could resume if the weather remained normal and makeshift arrangements were made on Saturday.
- Bad weather earlier this week, too, forced the Amarnath Yatra to be briefly suspended.
Began after 2 years
- The annual pilgrimage began on June 30, following a two-year gap due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
- The 43-day yatra commenced from the twin base camps — traditional 48-km Nunwan-Pahalgam in Anantnag and 14-km shorter Baltal in central Kashmir’s Ganderbal.
- The yatra is scheduled to end on August 11 on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan.
- Amarnath Temple is a Hindu shrine located in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
- The cave is situated at an altitude of 3,888 m (12,756 ft), about 141 km from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The cave, located in Lidder Valley, is surrounded by glaciers, snowy mountains and is covered with snow most of the year, except for a short period of time in summer when it is open to pilgrims.
- The Amarnath cave, abode of the Mahamaya Shakti Peetha, is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas,
- Temples throughout South Asia that commemorate the location of fallen body parts of the Hindu deity Sati.
Q) Sukreswar Temple is located in which state in India?
- Madhya Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu