Key Provisions of the Draft Amendment of Birth and Death Registration Act 1969
- Birth certificate to be a mandatory document: Through the draft bill, the central government proposes to make birth certificates a mandatory document for almost every sphere of life — admission in educational institutions, inclusion in the voter list, appointment in Central and State government jobs, issue of driving licence and passport.
- Death certificates: It shall be mandatory for hospitals and medical institutions to provide a copy of all death certificates, stating the cause of death, to the local registrar apart from the relative of the deceased.
- Linking with electoral rolls: According to the proposed changes, the centrally-stored data will be updated in real time without any human interface required, leading to addition and deletion from the electoral roll when an individual turns 18, and after death, respectively.
- National population Register: The bill allows using the database of registered births and deaths at national level to update Population Register prepared under the Citizenship Act, 1955.
- Integration of databases: The bill has proposed an amendment in Section 4 to allow the Chief Registrar to maintain a unified database of civil registration records at state level, and integrate it with the database at the national level maintained by Registrar General of India.
- Other Provisions:
- The draft Bill has also made insertions to accommodate “non-institutional adoption”, “child born to a single parent / unwed mother from her womb” and “orphan, abandoned, or surrendered child in child care institution”.
- It has also amended the word “oldest male” in the house for providing information on birth and death to “oldest person”.
- Fine for withholding the information has been increased to Rs 1,000 per brith or death. It was earlier only Rs 50.
- The bill has proposed to fix one week time for issuance of birth and death certificates after information has been received by the concerned authority.
About the Birth and Death Registration Act 1969
- To regulate matters concerning the registration of births and deaths and matters connected therewith.
Authorities under the RBD Act, 1969
- Registrar-General, India: Appointed by the central government.
- Chief Registrar: Appointed by the state governments.
- District registrar: The state government may appoint a district registrar for each revenue district and such number of additional district registrars.
- Registrars: The state government may appoint a registrar for each local area comprising the area within the jurisdiction of a municipality, panchayat or other local authority.
Persons Required to Register Births and Deaths
- As per the ‘Section 8 of the Act’, it is the duty of the following persons to register births and deaths:
- The head of the house, or nearest relative of the head present in the house, the oldest adult male.
- Medical officer in charge or his/her delegate w.r.t. births and deaths in a hospital, health center, maternity or nursing home.
- The jailor in charge w.r.t births and deaths in a jail.
- The headman or the corresponding officer a village or the officer in charge of the local police station w.r.t. any new-born child or a dead body found deserted in a public place.