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What is Bill Act And Ordinance? | Concept | Indian Judiciary – Free PDF

WHAT IS BILL, ACT, AND ORDINANCE?

Bill

  • A Bill can be introduced by Parliament or State Governments itself or proposed by a member of the Parliament.
  • Once passed in the Lower House after discussions, the Bill moves to the Upper house for approval.
  • Once the bill is passed by the Upper House, then it is sent to the Indian President for his assent.
  • Ultimately, a bill becomes a law (Act) or a statute of the land after it is passed by the Parliament and assented by the President.

Act

  • Once the Bill has been passed by the legislature, it is sent to the President or the Governor in case of Central law or State law respectively for the approval. After receiving the Presidential assent, it becomes an Act.

Ordinance

  • These are generally passed when the Central Legislature is not in session and there is a need to make an act in emergency. In these cases, the government refers a proposal to the President or Governor of a State, and if they approve of them, it becomes an Ordinance. The legality of an ordinance is that it is equal to the Act.
  • Article 123 of Indian Constitution gives the President “Ordinance making power”
  • Article 213 of Indian Constitution gives the Governor “Ordinance making power”. These are valid for a period of six months.

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