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Draft Aircraft Security Rules 2022

Draft Aircraft Security Rules 2022 Background Information

Parliament passed Aircraft Amendment Act, 2020 in September 2020, giving statutory powers to:

Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS)

Director General of Civil Aviation

Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau.

Amendment allows them to impose penalties which could only be imposed by courts earlier.

The Act raised the maximum penalty from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 1 crore.

Amendment was required after International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) raised questions about the three regulators functioning without statutory powers.

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Draft Aircraft Security Rules 2022 Highlights

  • Rules will supersede Aircraft Security Rules 2011.
  • It enables Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) to impose penalties upto Rs 1 crore on airports and airlines for violation of security measures.
    • BCAS will be able to suspend or cancel an entity’s airport security clearance and security programme.
    • BCAS can impose a fine of Rs 50 lakh to Rs 1 crore (depending on the size of the company) on airports and airlines if they fail to prepare and implement a security programme, or if they commence operations without seeking a security clearance.
  • Penalty: Large airports can face a penalty of Rs 1 crore if they fail to plan the design and layout of the airport in accordance with the National Civil Aviation Security Programme.
    • Individuals can face penalties ranging from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 25 lakh depending on the nature of offence.
  • Cyber security threats: Rules require each entity to protect its information and communication technology systems against unauthorized use and prohibit disclosure of sensitive aviation security information.
  • Private Security at Airport: It authorises airports to engage private security agents instead of CISF personnel at “non-core areas” and assign security duties as per the recommendation of the National Civil Aviation Policy 2016.
  • Rules will go a long way in ensuring an effective aviation security apparatus in the country.

 

Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS)

  • BCAS is the regulatory authority for civil aviation security in India.
  • Director General, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security is the appropriate authority for implementation of Annexure-17 to Chicago convention of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
  • It is responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of the National Civil Aviation.

 

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

  • It is a UN specialized agency, established by States in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
  • India is among its 193 members.
  • It is headquartered in Montreal, Canada.

 

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