Aapda Mitra Scheme
Home Minister Amit Shah released the training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme, on the occasion of 17th foundation day celebrations of “National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
- Aapda Mitra scheme will soon be launched in 350 districts of India by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
- Under this scheme, more than one lakh young volunteers from 350 districts will be trained.
- So far, 5500 Aapda Mitra and 5500 Aapda Sakhi have been trained, who can extend help in case of disaster or natural calamity like flood in remote places. All these volunteers would get life insurance by the government.
- National Disaster Management Authority, abbreviated as NDMA, is an apex Body of Government of India, with a mandate to lay down policies for disaster management. NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India on 23 December 2005
- NDMA is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices for coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.
- The NDMA was formally constituted on 27th September 2006, in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with Prime Minister as its Chairperson and nine other members, and one such member to be designated as Vice-Chairperson.
- The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has provided the legal and institutional framework for disaster management in India at the national, state and district levels.
In the federal polity of India, the primary responsibility of Disaster management vests with the state government.
- The central government lays down the plans, policies and guidelines and provides technical, financial and logistical support while the district administration carries out most of the operations in collaboration with central and state level agencies.
- State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA)
Headed by Chief Minister of the respective state, SDMA lays down the policies and plans for disaster management in the state.
- National Disaster response force (NDRF)
- NDRF is the specialized force for disaster response which works under the overall supervision and control of NDMA.
District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
- Section 25 of the DM Act provides for constitution of DDMA for every district of a state.
- The District Magistrate/ District Collector/Deputy Commissioner heads the Authorityas Chairperson besides an elected representative of the local authority as Co-Chairperson except in the tribal areas where the Chief Executive Member of the District Council of Autonomous District is designated as Co-Chairperson.