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Aadhaar Norms for Prisoners

Aadhaar Norms for Prisoners News India

  • Launch: The campaign to extend Aadhaar facility to prisoners was launched in 2017 but process did not take off since enrolment to the scheme needed valid supporting documents prescribed by the UIDAI.
  • Home Ministry guidelines:
    • PID from ePrison: To simplify enrollment, UIDAI will accept the PID generated from the ‘ePrison’ module and certified by the authorized Prison Officer with his signature and seal, for enrolment of Aadhaar.
    • Usage of name: In case a prisoner’s prison document has multiple aliases, the first name should be used and date of birth shall be recorded as declared/approximate.
    • Address: Relationship details or C/o field shall not be captured as part of the address field. If present address and permanent address are available in the document (PID), permanent document shall be used as address of the resident.
    • Enrollment camp: The Ministry of Home Ministry has called for facilitating the enrolment/updating of Aadhaar cards for prison inmates by conducting special camps at all prisons. It will be conducted in co-ordination with State governments.
    • Delivery: After completion of the process, the Aadhaar letter shall be delivered to the residents at their Jail address.
  • Significance: Prison activities such as production before court, return to prison, health facilities, shifting to hospital outside the campus, parole, free legal aid, education/vocational training, release from prisons could be regulated by the use of Aadhaar.
  • It will also help in efficient handling of prisoners, and ensure that the facility does not get misused and that the security of the prisons is not compromised

Read about: Data Protection Bill

Aadhaar Coverage in India

  • About 109 crore Aadhaar numbers have been issued, which covers almost 99% of adult population.
  •   The overall Aadhaar saturation level in India has crossed 93%.
  • The estimated savings and gains since the inception of Aadhaar-based Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) stood at over Rs 90,000 crore as of March 2018.

 

The Aadhaar  Act, 2016

Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services

  • Objective: It aims to provide for good governance, efficient, transparent, and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services, the expenditure for which is incurred from Consolidated Fund of India or State.
  • Eligibility: Every resident of India shall be entitled to obtain an Aadhar number.
  • Information to be provided: To obtain an Aadhaar, an individual has to submit his biometric and demographic information.
  • Usage of Aadhaar: An individual may voluntarily use his Aadhar number to establish his identity. Authentication of an individual’s identity via Aadhar, for any service, may be made mandatory only by a law of Parliament.
  • Authentication: The UID authority will authenticate the Aadhar number of an individual, if an entity makes such a request. A requesting entity has to obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his information.
  • Aadhar ecosystem: It will include enrolling agencies, requesting agencies, and offline verification-seeking entities.
  • Complaints: Courts can take cognizance of an offence if the UIDAI registers a compliant. Individuals can register complaints in certain cases, such as impersonation or disclosure of their identity.
  • Penalties: UIDAI may initiate a complaint against an entity in the ecosystem for failure to comply with the Act or UIDAI’s directions or furnish information required by UIDAI.
prisoner induction document
prisoner induction document

Aadhaar Norms for Prisoners in India: UIDAI

  • The UIDAI is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016.
  • Parent ministry: The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
    • The UIDAI was initially set up by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office under the aegis of the Planning Commission.
  • Mandate: The UIDAI assigns a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (Aadhaar) to all the residents of India.

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